Why Taiwanese no longer think of the self as Chinese?

Why Taiwanese no longer think of the self as Chinese?

Introduction

The People’s Republic of China (PRC), mainland China and Republic of China, most commonly known as Taiwan, both claim to be the legitimate government of China. This conflict of how its legitimate government of China goes back to the Chinese Civil War. The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). The KMT was led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and CPC by Mao Zedong. It started in 1927 and end 1949, but the war was not continuous, there pause in the conflict, most noticeably during The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), were both unite to fight the Japanese. When the war end in conjunction with WW2(1939-1945). Both resume fighting. KMT had the sport of the United States, of the CPC of the Soviet Union, thus the Chinese Civil War began a focal point of the geopolitics of the Cold War. Despite the help from the United States, by 1949 the CPC had gained the upper hand and the KMT was forced to flee to Taiwan and leave the mainland in control the communist under Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong was determined to take the island, but in the context of the Korean War and Cold War the United States, protect Taiwan from invasion by their military presence. In every crisis the US, send it warship to deter a invasion. he two sides have been governed separately since, though a shared cultural and linguistic heritage mostly endures — with Mandarin spoken as the official language in both places. Both   claim to be the legitimate government of China. The Republic of China continue to have a permanent seat in the United Nation security council into in 1971 it was replaced People’s Republic of China. Today most governments recognizing PRC has the legitimate government of China, even the United State allies and protector of Taiwan doesn’t have a formal relation with Taiwan. Today Taiwan is home to more than 20 million people, the 15 largest economy in the world, the people of the island enjoy a better lifestyle that does on the mainland, also the island is a democracy since Martial law was end 1987. By comparison mainland China is home to more than 1.3 billion people, the second largest economy in the world, both a powerful and influential nation on the world stage, but its people enjoy less freedom and are more poorer  than Taiwan.  Today most Taiwanese don’t think of them self has Chinese, and most favored independence according to surveys: “ The survey on the political attitudes of Taiwanese, conducted by the Taiwanese Public Opinion Foundation , showed that 80.8 percent of citizens identify themselves as Taiwanese, while 8.1 percent see themselves as Chinese, and 7.6 percent claim to be both Taiwanese and Chinese . The survey also found that 51.2 percent think it would be better for Taiwan to become an independent country in the future, while 14.9 percent would prefer to see unification of the two sides of the Taiwan Strait. Only 16 percent of Taiwanese agree with Chinese President XI Jinping’s view that “both Taiwan and the mainland belong to one China,” according to the poll.” Over half of Taiwanese favor independence: Poll | Most Viewed | FOCUS TAIWAN – CNA ENGLISH NEWS. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://focustaiwan.tw/news/afav/201605270

 The people of Taiwan to follow they’re on journey, then have grown accustomed to the way of life, their democracy, despite that they share the same language, have cultural and historic ties to the mainland they no longer feel them self has chinese. This because for decades both were totally separate, it was only during the 1980’s that their governments started taking to each other. But the different have only grow, despite the both have enjoy large economical grow, their government are very different, in the mainland there is only one party, the communist, there is no freedom of speech, the government is very oppressive,  it people are largely poor despite the massive grow during the last 40 year and the fact that is the 2 largest economy. By comparison Taiwan has democracy, free election, freedom of speech, and many other right the people and the mainland only dream, and are more richer than their counterparts. Is no wonder that the people of Taiwan want to preserve their way of life against an oppressive, the constantly threat with military action and is willing to united Taiwan by military means even if the people of the island don’t want it.  The statue of island is uncertain, is not likely that China will allow Taiwan to break free so easily, as thing stand, most likely it will led to war, that could involve other nation like the United States. But despite this the island people and economy are prospering and only they should be the ones should their destiny.

Bibliography

  1. Over half of Taiwanese favor independence: Poll | Most Viewed | FOCUS TAIWAN – CNA ENGLISH NEWS. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://focustaiwan.tw/news/afav/201605270005.aspx

2 .Johnston, A. I., & Yin, G. (2018, June 04). Analysis | Beijing wants Taiwanese to identify as Chinese. But how do Taiwanese really feel? Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2018/06/04/beijing-wants-taiwanese-to-identify-as-chinese-but-how-do-taiwanese-really-feel/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.4d0f04b15dad

3. Chang, D. (2018, January 07). Taiwan isn’t China, and Taiwanese aren’t Chinese – The Boston Globe. Retrieved from https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2018/01/07/taiwan-isn-china-and-taiwanese-aren-chinese/AFPQwcD0pVDDXGNS4iW6OI/story.html

4. Nylander, J. (2015, February 16). Strong Support For Independence In Taiwan. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/jnylander/2015/02/14/strong-support-for-independence-in-taiwan/

5. Rawski, E. S., & Franke, H. (2018, May 29). China. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/place/China/War-between-Nationalists-and-communists#ref590723

Publicado por Jean Carlos

Amo la historia, en especial historia de Europa, Estado Unidos y Latino America, pero no limitado a estás áreas. Bachillerato en Historia de Europa, UPRRP. #23

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